Owners must file a valid application with the local appraisal district to qualify for reduced taxes. Both the owner and the property must qualify for the exemptions, and each exemption requires a timely application. An owner may file an application up to one year after taxes would have become delinquent.
Those who live in their own homes, are 65 or older or disabled, or who are disabled veterans can take advantage of various homestead exemption allowances. However, the exemption does not happen automatically.
The owner must occupy a property adapted for and used as a residence. The homestead exemption is not lost if the homeowner temporarily moves, does not establish another principal residence, intends to return to the home, and is absent for less than two years. Persons who intend to return but live outside of the United States as a member of the military or who live in a facility that provides services related to health, infirmity or aging may continue to receive homestead exemptions for an indefinite period. The exemption also covers up to 20 acres with the residence.
Mandatory Homestead Exemptions
A mandatory exemption is available to all owners of qualifying homesteads throughout Texas. The total amount of the exemption depends on the ownerâ€™s circumstances, options exercised by the taxing jurisdictions, and property use. The Texas Property Tax Code includes several mandatory homestead exemptions.
First, owners occupying a home as their primary residence can qualify that homestead foran exemption of $3,000 of assessed value from county tax levies for farm-to-market roads and flood control. This exemption applies for all owners of a residence homestead in every Texas county. For counties with a $1 per hundred dollars tax rate on the listed items, this exemption will save the owner $30.
An additional homestead exemption from school taxes reduces taxable value by $15,000 for all qualified homeowners. This mandatory exemption applies to homesteads in all Texas school districts. A $1 tax rate applied to this amount will reduce homestead taxes by $150. In addition, schools must also exempt an additional $10,000 from school taxes for owners who are 65 or older or are disabled as defined by the Social Security Administration. Those owners who are both 65 or older and disabled cannot receive both exemptions and must choose one or the other.
The final mandatory exemption applies to disabled veterans.
A veteran receiving 100 percent disability compensation as the result of a service-connected disability and rated 100 percent disabled or classified as non-employable by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or its successor is exempted from all property taxes on his or her residence homestead.
Recently, Texas voters approved constitutional amendments extending exemptions to veterans when the disability rating is less than 100 percent and the home was donated to the veteran by a charitable
organization. The amount of the exemptions is linked to the percentage of disability suffered by the veteran.
Voters also approved a total exemption from property taxes for surviving spouses of armed service members who were killed in action, provided they have not remarried.
Optional Homestead Exemptions
Added optional homestead exemptions may also be available to homeowners, but this situation is more complicated. The optional exemptions must be adopted by the separate taxing units
before they are available to owners. For example, a city, school district or county may opt to exempt at least $3,000 of additional value from qualified residence homesteads for disabled owners or those over age 65. The provision in the Property Tax Code does allow each jurisdiction to exempt more than $3,000.
However, some jurisdictions may not extend this benefit at all. In some cases, a city allows this added exemption, but the school and county do not. To establish the extent of the tax relief, a homeowner must find out which added exemptions are available in their location.