Courtesy American Institute for Learning and Human Development
At Garfield High School in Seattle, Washington, teachers are refusing to administer the Measures of Academic Progress (MAP). In Texas, hundreds of school districts have passed a resolution saying standardized tests are â€stranglingâ€ public schools.
The National Resolution on High Stakes Testing, which calls on government officials to reduce standardized testing in our schools, has been endorsed by hundreds of organizations, and over 13,000 individuals. And yet, in spite of all this, standardized testing still is putting a wicked half-Nelson on our studentsâ€™ curiosity, creativity, and passion for learning in tens of thousands of classrooms around the country. Just in case you are in a position as an educator to influence public policy on this issue, here is a list of reasons why standardized tests are worthless, utterly worthless.
1. Because students know that test scores may affect their future lives, they do whatever they can to pass them, including cheating and taking performance drugs (e.g. psychostimulants like Ritalin “borrowedâ€ from their friends).
2. Because teachers know that test scores may affect their salaries and job security, they also cheat (see the best-seller Freakonomics for some interesting statistics on this).
3. Standardized tests donâ€™t provide any feedback on how to perform better. The results arenâ€™t even given back to the teachers and students until months later, and there are no instructions provided by test companies on how to improve these test scores.
4. Standardized tests donâ€™t value creativity. A student who writes a more creative answer in the margins of such a test, doesnâ€™t realize that a human being wonâ€™t even see this creative response; that machines grade these tests, and a creative response that doesnâ€™t follow the format is a wrong response.
5. Standardized tests donâ€™t value diversity. There are a wide range of differences in the people who take standardized tests: they have different cultural backgrounds, different levels of proficiency in the English language, different learning and thinking styles, different family backgrounds, different past experiences. And yet the standardized test treats them as if they were all identical; identical to the group that took the test several years ago, and to which the test has been “normedâ€ (e.g. this original group is the “norm groupâ€ against which any future test-takers are to be compared).
6. Standardized tests favor those who have socio-economic advantages. Test companies (a multi-billion dollar a year industry) not only manufacture the tests, they also manufacture the courses and programs that can be taken to “prepare for the test.â€ If you have the money, you can even get special tutors that will help you do well on a test. If you donâ€™t have the money, and your school is in a low socio-economic area that gets less funding than rich suburban schools, then youâ€™re not getting the same preparation for the test as those at the higher socio-economic levels do.
7. Because so much emphasis is placed on standardized test results these days, teachers are spending more and more time “teaching to the test.â€ If there is something that is interesting, compelling, useful, or otherwise favorable to the development of a studentâ€™s understanding of the world, but it is not going to be on the standardized test, then there really isnâ€™t any incentive to cover this material. Instead, most of classroom time consists of either taking the tests or preparing for the tests, and this shuts out the possibility of learning anything new or important. For example, because the No Child Left Behind Law (NCLB) only tests reading, math, and science that means that art, social studies, physical education, history, and other subjects are given far less attention than used to be the case.
8. Standardized tests occur in an artificial learning environment: theyâ€™re timed, you canâ€™t talk to a fellow student, you canâ€™t ask questions, you canâ€™t use references or learning devices, you canâ€™t get up and move around. How often does the real world look like this? Prisons come to mind. And yet, even the most hard-headed conservative will say that education must prepare students for “the real world.â€ Clearly standardized testing doesnâ€™t do this.
9. Standardized tests create stress. Some kids do well with a certain level of stress. Other students fold. So, again, there isnâ€™t a level playing field. Brain research suggests that too much stress is psychologically and physically harmful. And when stress becomes overwhelming, the brain shifts into a “fight or flightâ€ response, where it is impossible to engage in the higher-order thinking processes that are necessary to respond correctly to the standardized test questions.
10. Standardized tests reduce the richness of human experience and human learning to a number or set of numbers. This is dehumanizing. A student may have a deep knowledge of a particular subject, but receive no acknowledgement for it because his or her test score may have been low.